課程題目: BS111-E_舊約背景
上課日期:2021年12月29日 至 2022年3月9日
                   (逢週三;共10課;2/2停課)
上課時間: (香港時間) 19:00-21:30
上課地點及形式:
2.5小時x10 = 25小時實體課堂教授;
1小時x5 = 5小時網上與同學對談及指導時間

與學生網上對談及指導日期:8/122/112/226/25/3 (9:30  10:30am

任教老師:甘汝誠老師

介紹PPT(上):https://ecampus.abs.edu/pluginfile.php/50375/course/summary/%E8%88%8A%E7%B4%84%E8%83%8C%E6%99%AF-%E4%BB%8B%E7%B4%B9%28%E4%B8%8A%29.pptx

介紹PPT(下):https://ecampus.abs.edu/pluginfile.php/50375/course/summary/%E8%88%8A%E7%B4%84%E8%83%8C%E6%99%AF-%E4%BB%8B%E7%B4%B9%28%E4%B8%8B%29.pptx

課程目標:

舊約背景的內容一般可分為四大部份。首先是聖地的史學地理;第二是古代閃族的文獻;第三是歷史;最後是舊約時代的民生。由於歷史的部份牽涉到的範圍(從亞伯拉罕到歷山大東征)甚廣只好割愛,本次課程只能介紹餘下的三部份。    

課程內容:                                                  

舊約背景並不是一門艱辛的學問,只是保羅所說解釋聖經中「各樣智慧」(西3:16) 中也許是最有興趣的一門。它的重要性有三:豐富我們對經文的了解、作為釋經的基礎和避免解經出錯或靈意解經,換句話說,是舊約釋經的基礎。

可惜,華文神學院的課程却鮮有將之列在研經的基礎科目內。

相比之下,西方福音派的神學院,例如Trinity College of the Bible and Theological Seminary認為舊約背景可令同學「更好地理解舊約世界的社會和文化,並探索用於解釋舊約文本的社會科學模型」。Fuller Theological Seminary則提醒同學學習〈舊約背景〉是因為「古代以色列出現在一個古老的近東世界之中,其文化遺產改變了人類文明;

故此,「〈舊約背景〉課程能使學生對這些古代文化的歷史、語言和文學有充分的了解,從而加深了對聖經及其文化背景的理解。」               
                   

課程要求:

功課的目的說白了就是為了確保大家用心上課。每週課後將會在網上提供大約10條溫習小問題,每題答案長度不會多於30字。完成後,請在下次上課前於網上送回SPCL(切勿送交任教老師)。   

教科書及參考書目:

1.King, Philip J. & Stager, Lawrence E. Life in Biblical Israel. Louiseville/ London: Westminster John Knox, 2001

2.Aharoni, Yohanan . The Land of the Bible: Historical Geography, rev. and trans. by Anson Rainey. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1979. 

3.Ben-Arieh, Yehoshua. The Rediscovery of the Holy Land in the Nineteenth Century. Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 1983. 

4.Ben-Tor, Amnon, ed. The Archaeology of Ancient Israel. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1992.

5.Bloch-Smith, Elizabeth, and Beth Alpert Nakhai. “A Landscape Comes to Life: The Iron Age I.” Near Eastern Archaeology 62 (1999:2): 62-92, 101-27.

6.Herr, Larry G. “The Iron II Period: Emerging Nations.“ Biblical Archaeologist 60 (1997:3): 114-183. 

7.Hoerth, Alfred J. Archaeology and the Old Testament. Grand Rapids: Baker, 1994.

8.King, Philip J., and Lawrence E. Life in Biblical Israel. Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 2001.

9.Lapp, Paul W. Biblical Archaeology and History. New York: World Publishing Company, 1969.

10.Levy, Thomas Evan, ed. The Archaeology of Society in the Holy Land. New York: Facts On File, 1995. 

11.Levy, Thomas Evan. “The Chalcolithic Period.”  Biblical Archaeologist 49 (1986:2): 82-108.
 
12.May, Herbert G., ed. Oxford Bible Atlas, 3rd ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 1984.

13.Mazar, Amihai. Archaeology of the Land of the Bible: 10,000 - 586 B.C.E. Garden City: Doubleday, 1990.

14.Moorey, P.R.S. A Century of Biblical Archaeology. Louisville: Westminster/John Knox Press, 1991. 

15.Rainey, Anson F., and R. Steven Notley. Sacred Bridge: Carta's Atlas of the Biblical World. Jerusalem: Carta, 2005. 

16.Rast, Walter E. Through the Ages in Palestinian Archaeology: An Introductory Handbook. Philadelphia: Trinity Press International, 1992. 

17.Richard, Suzanne. “The Early Bronze Age. The Rise and Collapse of Urbanism.” Biblical Archaeologist 50 (1987:1): 22-43.

18.Riley-Smith, Jonathan, ed. The Oxford Illustrated History of the Crusades. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.

19.Shanks, Hershel. Edit. Ancient Israel: From Abraham to the Roman Destruction of the Temple. 3rd Edition. Princeton: Prentice Hall, 2010.

20.Smith, George Adam. The Historical Geography of the Holy Land. 25th Edition. Gloucester, Mass.: Peter Smith, 1972.

21.Stiebing, William H., Jr. Uncovering the Past: A History of Archaeology. Buffalo: Prometheus Books, 1993.