Dr. Wai-Ka Chan (Ka Sir)

Email: chanwk@abs.edu

Fri 9:00-11:45am (Fall 2019)

Office 302 (Office hours by appointment)



BS 529/729 The Use of the Old Testament in the New



I.  Course Descriptions and Objectives


When interpreting the use of the Old Testament in the New, each considering the literal meaning of a passage, two kinds of New Testament uses of the Old Testament surface, one in which the New Testament writer ponder the literal sense of the Old Testament passage (continuity) and the other in which the New Testament writer goes beyond the sense in his use of Old Testament passage (discontinuity).* The study of the use of the OT in the New is to deal with the difficulties questions raised between the swing from the meaning of continuity to discontinuity. It also includes the comprehensive and thorough study of the use of Old Testament in the Second Temple Jewish Literature which help us to shed the light in the understanding of the interaction of the use of the Old Testament by the New Testament writers.



This course is designed to enhance the student’s overall examination for the methodology of the use of Old Testament in the New. Students who successfully complete this course should


a.                   Be able to explain the discrepancies from the understanding of the use of the OT in New in terms of “promise-fulfilment” and “Typology”

b.                  Be able to articulate the way in which the New Testament writers communicate their corpora in the use of Old Testament as their hermeneutical framework.

c.                   Be able to enunciate the bases on which the unity of the Canon may be perceived and on which the biblical theology (not systematic theology) may be established.  

d.                  Refine the exegetical skills learnt in LA 513, 514, 519.

e.                  Enjoy the cooperative dynamics and relationships in the whole course with the aid of the response group.



II.             Course Texts (Required)

L. Goppelt, Typos: The Typological Interpretation of the Old Testament in the New. ET Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1982 [orig.1939]. Repr: Eugene: Wipf and Stock, 2002.

Greg R. Beale and D. A. Carson, ed. Commentary on the New Testament Use of the Old. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2007.




D. L. Baker, Two Testaments, One Bible: A Study of Some Modern Solutions to the Theological Problem of the Relationship between the Old and the New Testaments. Third Edition. Leicester: IVP, 2010.

D. A. Carson and H. G. M. Williamson, ed., It Is Written: Scripture Citing Scripture. Essays in Honour of Barnabas Lindars, SSF. Cambridge: University Press, 1988. Re-issued in paperback, 2009.

G. K. Beale, John’s Use of the Old Testament in Revelation. JSNTSS 166. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1999.

G. K. Beale, A New Testament Biblical Theology: The Unfolding of the Old Testament in the New. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2011.

G. K. Beale, The Use of Daniel in Jewish Apocalyptic Literature and in the Revelation of St John. Lanham: UPA, 1984.

Kenneth Berding and Jonathan Lunde, ed. Three Views on the New Testament Use of the Old Testament. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2007.


Darrell L. Bock, Proclamation from Prophecy and Pattern: Lucan Old Testament Christology. JSNTSS 12. Sheffield: JSOT Press, 1987.

P. Borgen, Bread from Heaven: An Exegetical Study of the Concept of Manna in the Gospel of John and the Writings of Philo. SuppNovT 10. Leiden: Brill, 1965.

Jared Compton. Psalm 110 and the Logic of Hebrews. LNTS537. London: Bloomsbury, 2015.

B. Chilton, A Galilean Rabbi and his Bible: Jesus’ own interpretation of Isaiah. London: SPCK, 1984.

R. M. Davidson, Typology in Scripture: A Study of Hermeneutcal τυ' ποö Structures. Berrien Springs: Andrews University Press, 1981.

C. H. Dodd, According to the Scriptures: The Sub-Structure of New Testament Theology. London: SCM, 1952.

J. W. Doeve, Jewish Hermeneutics in the Synoptic Gospels and Acts. Assen: Van Gorcum, 1954.

E. E. Ellis, Paul’s Use of the Old Testament. Grand Rapids: Baker, 1957.

Idem, The Old Testament in Early Christianity: Canon and Interpretation in the Light of Modern Research. Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, 1992.

Idem, Prophecy and Hermeneutic in Early Christianity: New Testament Essays. WUNT 18. Tübingen: J. C. B. Mohr (Paul Siebeck), 1978.

Craig A. Evans & W. Richard Stegner, ed., The Gospels and the Scriptures of Israel. JSNTSS 104 / SSEJC 3. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1994.

Austin Farrar, A Rebirth of Images: The Making of St. John’s Apocalypse. Repr. Albany: SUNY Press, 1986 [Glasgow: Glasgow University Press, 1949]

Stephen Farris, The Hymns of Luke’s Infancy Narratives: Their Origin, Meaning and Significance. JSNTSS 9. Sheffield: JSOT Press, 1985.

John S. Feinberg, ed., Continuity and Discontinuity: Perspectives on the Relationship between the Old and New Testaments. Essays in Honor of S. Lewis Johnson, Jr. Westchester: Crossway, 1988.

R. T. France, Jesus and the Old Testament: His Application of Old Testament Passages to Himself and His Mission. London: Tyndale Press, 1971.

E. D. Freed, Old Testament Quotations in the Gospel of John. SuppNovT 11. Leiden: Brill, 1965.

M. D. Goulder, Midrash and Lection in Matthew. London: SPCK, 1974.

R. H. Gundry, The Use of the Old Testament in St Matthew’s Gospel with Special Reference to the Messianic Hope. SuppNovT 18. Leiden: Brill, 1967.

James M. Hamilton, Jr. With the Clouds of Heaven: The Book of Daniel in Biblical Theology. NSBT 32. Nottingham/Downers Grove: IVP, 2014.

G. Walter Hansen, Abraham in Galatians: Epistolary and Rhetorical Contexts. JSNTSS 29. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1989.

D. M. Hay, Glory at the Right Hand: Psalm 110 in Early Christianity. SBLMS 18. Nashville: Abingdon, 1973.

Richard B. Hays, Echoes of Scripture in the Letters of Paul. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1989.

D. Juel, Messianic Exegesis: Christological Interpretation of the Old Testament in Early Christianity. Philadelphia: Fortress, 1987.

Simon J. Kistemaker, The Psalm Citations in the Epistle to the Hebrews. Amsterdam: Van Soest, 1961.

Maarten J. J. Menken & Steve Moyise. Deuteronomy in the New Testament: The New Testament and the Scriptures of Israel. LNTS 358. London: T&T Clark, 2007.

D. J. Moo, The Old Testament in the Gospel Passion Narratives. Sheffield: JSOT Press, 1983.

Rodrigo J. Morales, The Spirit and the Restoration of Israel: New Exodus and New Creation Motifs in Galatians. WUNT 282. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2010.

Steve Moyise and Maarten J. J. Menken, ed., Isaiah in the New Testament. London: T. & T. Clark, 2005.


D. Patte, Early Jewish Hermeneutic in Palestine. SBLDS 22. Missoula: SP, 1975.

David W. Pao, Acts and the Isaianic New Exodus. WUNT 130. Tübingen: J. C. B. Mohr (Paul Siebeck), 2000.

Stanley E. Porter, ed. Hearing the Old Testament in the New Testament. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2006.

Stanley E. Porter and Christopher D. Stanley, ed. As It Is Written: Studying Paul’s Use of Scripture. Symposium 50. Atlanta: SBL, 2008.

H. Räisänen, Paul and the Law. WMANT 29. Tübingen: J. C. B. Mohr (Paul Siebeck), 1983.

O. Palmer Robertson, The Christ of the Prophets. Phillipsburg: P & R, 2004.

K. Stendahl, The School of St. Matthew and its Use of the Old Testament. 2nd ed’n. Philadelphia: Fortress, 1968.

Rikki E. Watts, Isaiah’s New Exodus and Mark. WUNT 88. Tübingen: J. C. B. Mohr (Paul Siebeck), 1997.




III. Course Evaluation:

a. Reading the assigned book (10%). Students are also expected to have completed all the required readings (Goppelt, Typos). (600 minutes –237 pages out of 450)

b.Exegetical papers (60%) Students are expected to have one exegetical paper in one passage of the use of the OT in the New to demonstrate the main theological theme (both continuity and discontinuity) in the corresponding episode. (1600 minutes)

a)    The translation of the required text in English

b)   After the consultation of the assigned commentary, give the sufficient reason of your choice of the use of the Greek syntax in the text (refer to the required book “Going Deeper with the New Testament Greek”)

c)    Paraphrase the whole text

d)   The exegetical emphasis and application of the text

c. The comment on other exegetical papers (30%)Students are expected to have the proper responses and comments to other students’ exegetical papers. (800 minutes)

d.The course will be graded on the following scale:

A = 94-100;      A- = 90-93;    

B+ = 87-89;      B = 83-86;    B- = 80-82; 

C+ = 77-79;      C =73-76;     C- = 70-72;  

D+ = 67-69;      D = 63-66     D- = 60-62;

F = 59 and below


IV. Course Schedule Date





Paper presentation

Lesson 1


The Overview of the study of the use of Old Testament in the New I


Lesson 2


The Overview of the study of the use of Old Testament in the New II


Lesson 3


The Overview of the study of the use of Old Testament in the New III


Lesson 4


The use of Old Testament in Matthew and Mark

Cluster 1

Lesson 5


The use of Old Testament in Luke-Acts

Cluster 2

Lesson 6


The use of Old Testament in Gospel John

Cluster 3

Lesson 7


The use of Old Testament in Pauline Epistles

Cluster 4

Lesson 8


The use of Old Testament in Catholic letters

Cluster 5

Lesson 9


The use of Old Testament in Revelation

Cluster 6

Lesson 10








V. Academic Policies

Academic Integrity is an essential and fundamental attitude in the search for and promotion of truth. Thus, no Cheating and Plagiarism is allowed in the whole course, including all the quizzes, tests, and translation and exegetical assignments. A student found to break the standard of academic integrity by cheating or plagiarism will be confronted by the faculty member involved and will be reported to the Academic Dean of ABS. This will result in a “zero” grade for that quiz, test, or paper, which may result in an “F” for the whole course.  


*Robert L. Thomas, The New Testament Use of the Old Testament, TMSJ, (2002), 78-98.